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Lithium Chloride 99+% Extra Pure
Lithium chloride LiCl, the lithium salt of hydrochloric acid, forms colorless, highly hygroscopic crystals. In addition to the anhydrous lithium chloride, there are also various hydrates.
Lithium chloride can be used to make lithium. For this, a mixture of lithium chloride and potassium chloride is used in a melt-flow electrolysis. Due to its strong hygroscopic effect, it can be used as a desiccant and also for dehumidifying rooms. It can also be used as a flux in soldering and welding technology. Due to its hygroscopicity, it can be used in dew point sensors or hygrometers. The electrical conductivity of the salt is highly dependent on the water concentration, hence the ambient humidity can be determined from the conductivity of the lithium chloride. Lithium chloride can be used as a tracer in chemical or geological research. Lithium chloride can be used in thawing solutions. However, because these are corrosive, they are banned for use on aircraft in, for example, the US. The textile industry also uses lithium chloride. Lithium chloride solutions containing 25-30% LiCl can be used in cold baths. Such cold baths can remain liquid down to -70 ° C.
Empirical formula LiCl
Molar mass (M) 42.40 g/mol
Boiling point (bp) 1360 °C
Melting point (mp)615°C
Solubility: 830 g/l (H2O, 20 °C)