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Thymol 99+% Extra Pure
|ADR||8 III UN2430|
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What is Thymol?
Thymol (2-isopropyl-5-methylphenol) is a colorless crystalline substance with a distinctive odor that occurs naturally in the essential oils of thyme (Thymus vulgaris) or oregano (Origanum majorana), where cymene and timene are found simultaneously. Adolph Edvard Arppe also demonstrated their existence in the essence of monarda (Monarda punctata) and the Scottish chemist John Stenhouse in that of Ptychotis ajowan.
Thymol belongs to the group of terpenes, and an isomer of thymol is carvacrol, and the formula C10H14O is not enough to fully characterize this chemical composition, and it is necessary to use the constitutional formula to avoid confusion.
Like phenols in general, thymol dissolves in bases and forms the corresponding salt.
Hydrogenation of thymol gives the racemic mixture of (+/-)-menthol.
What is Thymol used for?
Thymol is characterized by its disinfecting and fungicidal power. Due to its pleasant taste, it is present in the formulation of various mouthwashes, toothpastes, etc. A 5% solution of thymol in ethanol is used for skin disinfection and against fungal infections.
In veterinary medicine it is also used against skin infections and to stimulate digestion.
In beekeeping, it is used to control a parasitic bee mite called varroa.
2-Isopropyl-5-methylphenol, Thyme camphor, 3-Hydroxy-p-cymene
Empirical formula C10H14O
Molar mass (M) 150,22 g/mol
Density (D) 0,98 g/cm³
Boiling point (bp) 233,5 °C
Flash point (flp) 116 °C
Melting point (mp) 51,5 °C
ADR 8 III
CAS No. 89-83-8
H302 Harmful if swallowed
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
Precautionary statements - prevention
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product P273 Avoid release to the environment
P280 Wear protective gloves/eye protection
Precautionary statements - response
P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor